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Simulation in Construction and HVAC

Ansys FEA and CFD engineering analysis software has been widely used in all types of building construction projects.

Ansys software can be used in assisting engineers benchmark designs using the LEED Green Building Rating System. Airflow modeling (CFD) can assist in the process of developing and evaluating design concepts, as well as contributing to the evidence that a proposed design meets various rating criteria.

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Temperature Distribution
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Applications and Simulation Use Cases within Construction

Blast, Explosion & Homeland Security
  • Explicit analysis
    • Blast and explosion modeling
    • Impact of objects and vehicles on buildings
    • Models involving the impact of:
    • Architectural aspects
    • Landscape design
    • Ground profile
    • Damage to building structure
  • Benefits
    • Investigation of various disaster scenarios
    • Optimization of passive building resistance to blast
    • Adjustment of fire suppression and smoke management system
    • Ventilation
    • Fire suppression
    • Smoke management
    • Maintain safety escape path despite extreme conditions

Building Structure Analysis
  • Structure integrity under extreme conditions
  • Single part or assembly modeling
  • Wind induced deformations
  • Pre-stressed, reinforced concrete
  • Seismic analysis
  • Soil mechanics
  • Geotechnical solutions
  • High rise buildings
  • Iconic landmarks
  • Parking lots
  • Bridges
  • Dams
  • Tunnels
  • Malls
  • Theaters
  • Stadium

Fire & Smoke Modeling
  • Official regulations and safety concerns require efficient ventilation and detection systems, and Ansys software provides cost-effective help for:
    • Understanding the spread of smoke and heat
    • Designing efficient equipment for fire suppression
    • Predicting the distribution of suppression agents
    • Studying their interactions with the fire and smoke
    • Identifying how fires develop
    • Determining their effect on neighboring structures

HVAC Equipment Design
  • Performance optimization and parametric analysis
    • Fans
    • Furnaces and boilers
    • Heating system design
    • HVAC ducting
    • Environmental control systems
    • Centrifugal blower
    • Heat exchangers
    • Pumps
    • Air curtains
    • Air mixers
    • Blowers
    • Industrial compressors
    • Crossflow fans
    • Exhaust hoods
    • Blowers, fans and compressors

Thermal Comfort & Ventilation
  • Occupant thermal comfort and indoor air quality
  • Predicting room conditions:
    • Air velocity, temperature
    • Relative humidity, thermal radiation
    • Toxins
  • Assessment of a variety of comfort criteria
    • Combined with information about occupant activity and clothing
  • Impact of heat loss through the structure, including solar gain effects
  • Testing effectiveness of novel strategies and concepts:
    • Natural and mixed ventilation
    • Minimizing energy consumption

Wind Engineering, Pollutant Dispersion
  • Response of the building to its environment as well as the response of the environment to the building
  • Understand the aerodynamics of a structure and the resulting pressure map on its surface
  • Analysis of the behavior and stability of the construction under various weather conditions
  • Impact on pedestrian comfort and safety
  • In urban and nonurban settings, address:
    • Environmental and safety issues
    • Dispersion of gases and aerosols

Resources

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