How to Link a Thermal Analysis to a Structural Analysis in Ansys Workbench
Ansys Workbench Mechanical can link a thermal analysis to a structural analysis, sharing Engineering Data, Geometry and Model directly. When directly linked, bodies in the structural model cannot be suppressed independently of the thermal analysis, and meshing and contacts cannot be set differently.
A structural analysis can be linked at the Geometry level, but the user will have to re-do all of the Model details, including desired Coordinate Systems, Connections (including Contacts), and meshing controls. This keeps the structural analysis independent of the thermal analysis. Temperatures can be mapped.
Keeping Model Controls while Maintaining an Independent Structural Analysis
This article explores methods that let the user keep the Model controls while maintaining an independent structural analysis, so that bodies can be suppressed, contacts and meshing can be tweaked only if desired, and temperatures are still mapped from the thermal analysis.
Details for Creating an Independent Structural System
In the Workbench project page, the usual approach to linking a thermal analysis to a downstream structural analysis is to drag-and-drop the structural analysis onto the Solution cell of the thermal analysis:
The following familiar result has the two models directly linked. The mesh is shared. Temperatures are copied directly from the thermal analysis nodes to the structural analysis nodes. This is the result:
With the systems linked as shown above, the two models appear in a common Outline in Workbench Mechanical. Suppressing a body removes it from both the thermal and structural analysis. Changes to meshing or to contacts will affect both the thermal and structural systems.
The Outline in Workbench Mechanical shows both environments when the above direct link is employed:
An alternative approach starts by linking at the Model level after detailing the thermal analysis. Branches prior to the Structural environment are inherited:
The next step is to use Duplicate on the Structural system:
This results in an independent Structural system:
Workbench Mechanical | When the Structural System is Independent of Other Systems
The structural system on the right will inherit the Engineering Data, Geometry, and Model branches of the Thermal and middle structural models. Because the structural system on the right is now independent of the other systems, the Workbench Mechanical model can make any changes desired to Engineering Data, details of Geometry, or branches at the Model level. This avoids re-doing the meshing and other work done by the user in the Thermal analysis, potentially saving considerable time with complex models. The linked and duplicate systems should be created after the thermal analysis is meshed, and contact settings have been set as desired.
Once the Duplicate system is created, the middle structural system can optionally be removed:
When Structural Models are Directly Linked, Bodies Cannot be Suppressed Independently of the Thermal Analysis
In the resulting schematic, Engineering Data and Geometry cells can be optionally linked so changes propagate:
Drag-and-Drop the Engineering Data and Geometry cells from the thermal system to the structural system:
The thermal Solution cell must be manually linked to the Setup cell of the structural analysis (drag-and-drop):
The resulting structural system may need refreshing and updating with links at Engineering Data and Geometry:
Once the links are established, a refresh will bring the structural system up to date.
Refresh and Update as required—Model Cell:
As needed, refresh the Setup Cell:
Inside Workbench Mechanical with the structural model, the Imported Body Temperature can be observed:
The ease of Temperature Mapping When Using the Same Mesh
When the same mesh is used, temperature mapping is usually simple. If the thermal model has finite contact conductance for a contact pair, a temperature drop can occur across the pair, and users should ensure that temperatures from one side of a contact pair do not end up on the other side. An identical mesh may help.
Because the Model cell for the structural system is not linked to the Model cell of the thermal system, bodies in the structural system can be suppressed as desired:
After suppressing one or more bodies, temperatures can be re-imported (right-click and request Import Load):
If desired, alternative meshing can be applied to the structural analysis, and contact pairs can be reset to other behaviors.
Inside the structural analysis, users sometimes want to suppress bodies from the thermal analysis that represent insulation or pockets of air, and are not wanted in the structural analysis.
Conclusions | Independent Model Branches in Thermal Analysis
Workbench can link various systems in the Project Schematic. The usual means of linking means that the Model cells are linked, and the various analysis systems must use the same bodies, mesh, contacts and other Model level settings.
Workbench Mechanical can work with an independent Model branch if a certain series of steps are employed to create a duplicate of a downstream linked system in the Project Schematic. The duplicate system inherits the Model settings, but can then be modified independently. Solution results from an upstream system can be manually linked to the Setup cell of the duplicate system. The duplicate system Model branch can be modified as desired, including changes to suppressed bodies, meshing controls, and contact or connection objects.
This procedure would only be used when a user wants to have independent control of the Model branches in the downstream structural system. Ordinarily, the structural system would be directly linked to the thermal system.
Contact for Additional Ansys Mechanical and/or Connecting Thermal Analysis’
Finally, we hope that you can make productive use of Linking Thermal Analysis’ to Structural Analysis’, and varying supportive commands/assignments for your Ansys Mechanical models. For more information, or to request engineering expertise for a particular use-case scenario surrounding Thermal Transfer, or Thermal Analysis, please contact us here.